Iron tools were first made in the Middle East about 1,500 B. ________________________ My regards to the following for their help in this project; UNICEF in collaboration with the Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Zambia for indirectly sponsoring the study; Professor Serpell, the Director of the Institute of African Studies for his comments and suggestions, Mrs. Daka of the Chemistry Department of the University of Zambia for his assistance in the interpretation of the chemical analysis of the field samples.
My thanks to Jane Myers who is Bowman Hall Secretary at Bridgewater College.
It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.
Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula is poorly defined but at most is a few hundred metres long.
Botswana boasts a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about ,825 per year as of 2015 Its high gross national income (by some estimates the fourth-largest in Africa) gives the country a modest standard of living and the highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan Africa.
Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations.
Human height is determined by a combination of genetics and environmental factors making it an active area of research in both the sciences and social sciences.
Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert.
Consequently, the Kings of Egypt were in possession of iron by about 650 B. The first significant iron center was at Merve in the Sudan, in Northern Africa.
It is believed that the art eventually spread to Southern Sahara, to farmers of Lake Chad, West Africa and further Southwards to the high lands of East Africa.
Africa is home to arguably the oldest-recorded games and sports.
While some are only known through archaeology, modern-day games and sports such as Mancala/Mankala and Nubian wrestling are very much alive today.