Radiocarbon dating of the dead sea scrolls

And again a beautiful catalogue accompanies the exhibition, incorporating, in addition to photographs and descriptions of the several new manuscripts, almost all of the details of the original one - including even the above-cited words of assurance of the Librarian of Congress - except for the fact, however, that the words are no longer attributed to him at all, but rather to Gen. 9.) In the new exhibition itself, however, there are no indications of supplementary placards or of any accompanying pamphlet such as were prepared at the Library of Congress.Amir Drori, the head of the Israel Antiquities Authority. In the absence of any such caveats, and with thousands of citizens of Chicago and the surrounding areas streaming in daily to experience the exhibition, it has become a matter of pressing importance to determine the fidelity of these newly reiterated assurances and of the emphatic advance claims of Field Museum personnel that the exhibit would be fair and inclusive.

Since the descriptions for the individual exhibits, as prepared under the supervision of the Israel Antiquities Authority, presented arguments only for one theory of origin of the Scrolls - i.e, that they were the writings of a Jewish sect living at Khirbet Qumran, in proximity to the caves where the Scrolls were found - the Library attempted to live up to its above-cited assurances by posting additional placards in the exhibition hall and distributing an accompanying pamphlet, which at least gave viewers a glimpse of the serious opposition to the traditional theory already then developing among scholars.

The staff at ASOR contact the prominent archaeologist William Albright of Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, who concludes that the scrolls are ancient Jewish manuscripts from the Maccabean period.

Eleazar Sukenik of the Hebrew University purchases three of these scrolls, and when Mar Samuel places an add in the Wall Street Journal to sell his four scrolls, he also anonymously purchases those scrolls through a third party.

This creates an error in the "raw" age of about 2 percent.

Since nearly all applications where the precise age is needed require calibration, this difference is removed in the calibration process].

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